The part of Bengal where the Ganges River flows into the Bay of Bengal has historically been the source of the finest cotton ever produced. An embroidered textile known as Kantha is created from this material, for daily use in many different contexts and in many different sizes. It deploys a simple running stitch in quilting layers of used cloth; details are embroidered using satin and stem stitches withthread taken from the colored borders of cast-off saris and dhotis. The workmanship varies from the crude to the complex and refined, as kanthas are made for various household purposes. Including bed covers, wrapping cloths for books and other valuables, and floor covers and mats for ceremonial purposes-all from the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries- this remarkable collection captures and showcases the kantha tradition at a precarious time of change and struggle.